Characterization of Portuguese wine styles

Algarve wine region

The Algarve region (Figure No. 18) is well known as an international tourist destination, particularly during the bathing season. The high demand in the region by tourists of various nationalities is an added value in the export of its fine wines and a great opportunity to promote its Wine Tourism.

This region has also a long history in wine-growing tradition with the cultivation of vineyards dating back to the Arab occupation and the wine to take the role of commercial exchange.

The region of Algarve is situated on the southern tip of Portugal mainland and its climate is influenced by the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean in its entire coast. Its southern location and mountainous barriers to the north protect it from cold winds and provide markedly Mediterranean climate of hot, dry and slightly windy summers, where the temperature ranges are reduced and about 3,000 hours of annual sunshine.

Soils are mostly of lithic origin, slightly humid, with red Mediterranean soils or yellow sandstones. The region is divided into four Designations of Origin: Lagoa, Lagos, Portimão and Tavira. There are several grape varieties with important vine populations, highlighting also the important role of international grape varieties in the region vine population. The Algarve wines are known for their simplicity and balance.

The strong culinary tradition of the region, coupled with the steady domestic demand and the strong international tourist demand, create exceptional conditions for it to develop quality wines, with sales potential worldwide. This region combines perfectly the quality of wine production with the tourist offer.

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